The FLSA specifies 17 jobs that are hazardous and prohibited for youths under 18. Those with particular relevance to the construction industry include:
- Driving a motor vehicle
- Operating power-driven woodworking machines, including drills and nail guns
- Operating forklifts, cranes, hoists or elevators
- Operating power-driven metal forming, punching and shearing machines
- Operating power-driven circular saws, band saws and guillotine shears
- Wrecking, demolition and shipbreaking operations
- Roofing operations
- Excavation operations
If certain conditions are met, 16- and 17-year-old apprentices and student learners may be allowed to perform some of these prohibited jobs.
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration last month issued a bulletin reminding employers of the prohibition against young workers operating forklifts and other specified hazardous machines and equipment.
Employers also need to consult state child labor laws. “If the employment falls under federal FLSA jurisdiction, then both federal and state laws apply — and the most restrictive law (whether it is the state of the federal) is followed,” the brochure says.
To download the NIOSH brochure, click here.
For information on federal child labor laws from the Department of Labor, click here. For youth employment information for a specific state, contact your state’s department of labor.
For information about construction safety issues, e-mail George Middleton at NAHB or call 1-800-368-5242 x8590.
[ Go to Top ]